Happy start to the week! As always, we come to bring you some curious facts about the most relevant events of this week in history. We have several events related to science and women, read on to learn more!
March 8, 1908: 129 textile workers at the Cotton factory in New York died in a strike
After several protests that began on March 5, 1908, due to the conditions in which they worked, calling for the reduction of the working day to 10 hours and requesting a salary increase equal to that received by men, a group of industrial seamstresses decided to strike. at the Cotton factory.
However, the owner of the factory decided to close the floodgates of the factory and leave the women inside to desist from the protest. A fire broke out that killed 129 of these protesters, which is said to have been caused by the factory owner himself.
In commemoration of this unfortunate event, the UN General Assembly designated in 1977 that March 8 of each year would be celebrated as International Women’s Day.
March 8, 415: Hypatia of Alexandria, Egyptian-Roman philosopher, astronomer and writer, dies
Daughter and disciple of the astronomer Theon, Hypatia was one of the first mathematical women in history, who also stood out as a philosopher, astronomer and Neoplatonic teacher. It was part of the Neoplatonic School of Alexandria at the beginning of the 5th century.
Sadly, this woman was the victim of a mob of Christians, who murdered her on this day. The reason is still debated, but what is known is that it occurred in the context of Christian hostility against paganism and the struggles between factions of the Church, the Alexandrian patriarchy and the imperial power.
March 8, 1935: Hachikō, the Japanese dog that inspired the movie ‘Always by your side’, passes away
If you’ve seen this movie starring Richard Gere, then you surely know about tears. In case you hadn’t heard, the film’s loyal dog is based on one from real life, Hachikō, who waited for his master, Professor Hidesaburō Ueno, at Shibuya station even several years after his death.
On March 8, 1935, Hachikō was found dead at the station, after faithfully waiting for his master for more than 10 years.
March 9, 1959: Barbie, the world’s most famous doll, goes on sale
One of the most important dolls of recent years is Barbie, the concept of which was devised by businesswoman Ruth Handler. This woman saw that her daughter preferred to play with dolls with adult characteristics and, realizing that at the time there were only dolls shaped like babies, she came up with a multi-million dollar idea.
To develop it, Mattel was inspired by the German Bild Lilli doll, which was initially sold to men but, thanks to its popularity, began to be distributed to girls as well.
March 11, 2011: In Japan, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake triggers a tsunami and the Fukushima I nuclear accident
This day was a tragedy for Japan after a terrible 9.0MW earthquake that lasted about 6 minutes. It produced a devastating tsunami that created waves of up to 40.5 meters that today is considered the most powerful in Japan and the fourth in the world.
However, this was not the only thing that triggered this earthquake, because as a result of it and the tsunami, at the Fukushima I nuclear power plant there were three nuclear meltdowns, three hydrogen explosions and the release of radioactive contamination. The government of the country was forced to determine an evacuation zone with a radius of 20 kilometers.
March 13, 1964: Kitty Genovese is killed by a serial killer in New York while 37 bystanders watched without calling the police
It seems absurd, but it did happen. In the early morning of this day, Winston Moseley stabbed to death Kitty Genovese while returning from work, but the curious thing about this matter is not the murder itself, which was carried out in three different attacks with which the murderer was returned to kill his victim, but for about an hour, the neighbors who witnessed the event did nothing to help the dying woman.
This is considered to be one of the best examples of the bystander effect, a psychological phenomenon that dictates that someone is less likely to intervene in an emergency when there are more people than when alone.
March 14, 1859: Matilde Montoya, Mexican doctor, was born, the first female surgeon in that country
Montoya was an exceptional professional and a woman destined for medicine. She became the first woman to attain the medical degree in 1887 and later became the first surgeon and obstetrician.
Despite the fact that at the time they did not accept that women enter universities, Montoya achieved it thanks to her persistence and the recommendation of the politician Porfirio Díaz, who after advocating for her, proclaimed a presidential decree in which he allowed women access the same rights and obligations as men in the National School of Medicine.
March 14, 1879: Albert Einstein is born
One of the greatest minds of humanity was born on this day in history. Albert Einstein was a German physicist who is considered the most important and popular scientist of the 20th century for his work with the Theory of Relativity (which gave rise to the theoretical concept of black holes) and his mass-energy equivalence equation , E = mc².
His work on the photoelectric effect and his contributions to theoretical physics earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. Interestingly, he did not win this award for his theory of relativity because the scientist who evaluated it did not understand it, and to To avoid later being proven to be false, he decided not to risk the award.
March 14, 2018: Stephen Hawking, British theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, cosmologist and science popularizer dies
And on the anniversary of the birth one of the greatest minds of humanity, another of the most important says goodbye: Stephen Hawking. This theoretical physicist is remembered for his theorems on space-time singularities and for his work on black holes.
He contributed extensively to the scientific debate and authored several top-selling science books, such as ‘A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes’, published in 1988.